NIESG: Nagoya International Economics Study Group





Nagoya International Economics Study Group: Since 2004

次回研究会

第47回定例研究会 2016年12月10日(土) 愛知学院大学

次回第47回定例研究会は、12月10日に愛知学院大学名城公園キャンパスにて開催されることになりました。ご尽力いただきました愛知学院大学の多和田眞先生・三好向洋先生には御礼を申し上げます。プログラム、会場情報などは詳細は以下の通りです。皆様のご参加をお待ちしております。

  • 日時:2016年12月10日(土)15:30-18:10
  • 場所:愛知学院大学 名城公園キャンパス アガルスタワー2405教室 アクセス および キャンパスマップ

プログラム
第1報告 15:30-16:40

講演者
都丸 善央 氏(中京大学)
題目
Output and R&D Subsidies in a Mixed Duopoly
要旨
This study analyzes a policy mix of output and R&D subsidies in a Cournot duopoly with public and private firms. We show that a pair comprising an output subsidy and an R&D tax can attain the first-best allocation if and only if either demand is linear or the public firm is fully privatized. Moreover, in a model with linear demand and quadratic costs, the output-subsidy policy is welfare-superior to the R&D-subsidy policy and partial privatization is socially optimal.

16:40-17:00 コーヒーブレイク

第2報告 17:00-18:10

講演者
多和田 眞 氏(愛知学院大学)
題目
Domestic Income Transfer and Workers’ Welfare in a Dual Economy (joint with Ling Qi (Central University of Economics and Finance) and Kojun Hamada (Niigata University))
要旨
This paper investigates the welfare effects of an income transfer from urban manufacturing workers to rural agricultural workers in a closed open dual economywhere the urban manufacturing wage is fixed under the minimum wage legislation. Then we show that if the demand for the agricultural good is sufficiently weak, the utility of a manufacturing worker goes down by the transfer in both specific and mobile case. As for the agricultural workers, we show that, if the agricultural production function has a sufficiently steep and round curve with respect to labor input, they become better off by the transfer in the specific capital case. It is also show that, if the per capita agricultural production function has a steep and nearly straight curve with respect to its capital-labor ratio, they become better off in the mobile capital case. Therefore there is no transfer paradox to occur. In order for these results to be true, however, it is required that the capital-labor ratio of the urban area is greater than that of the rural area. This is a sufficient condition for labor movement adjustment as well as Walrasian adjustment process to be locally stable in the mobile capital case.

研究会終了後懇親会予定

これまでの研究会

第46回定例研究会 2016年9月24日(土) 福島大学

第1報告 13:30-14:40

講演者
近藤 健児 氏(中京大学)
題目
International Immigration via Different Two-Type Midstream Countries
要旨
TBA

14:40-14:50 コーヒーブレイク

第2報告 14:50-16:00

講演者
小川 健 氏(専修大学)
題目
共有再生可能資源における消費者の選好の異質性と貿易
要旨
排他的経済水域の導入後も、鮪鰹類や鰻等のように国際的に共有された再生可能資源は、その利用と貿易・管理については依然として、国際的な共通合意が政策的にとれない場合も少なくない。こうしたものを取り上げた研究は近年でもRus (2012)やTakarada et al. (2013)等、行われてきた。それらの多くが、各国の再生可能資源を同一のものとみなして研究が行われてきた。それとは対照的に、多様な資源を取り上げた研究にはQuaas and Requate (2013)等がある。ところで、工業品などと異なり、水産資源に代表される再生可能資源では、その産地の影響が払拭されにくく、各国の消費者の一部はその違いをよく似たないし同じ魚種・資源に対しても気にする傾向がある。従来はOgawa (2014, WP)等のように、それらは水域の違いが大きいと扱われてきた。しかし、畜養鰻等のように、資源の出所は同じでもその育てる産地次第で、一部の消費者が別物と見なすことがある。日本などの水産靴の輸入大国でも水産物の輸出が検討されることがあるが、これはそうした産地の違いを考慮しないと扱えなくなる。そこで、本研究では国際的に共有された再生可能資源のある一般均衡での貿易モデルにおいてその貿易と管理の在り方について検討する。リカード・モデル以来、線形的なモデル構成では労働賦存量でなく技術比率が貿易パターンを決めることが知られていて、それはTakarada et al. (2013)でも確認されてきた。しかし、国内外での資源財に対する一部の消費者の異質性を考慮すると、共有資源財の純輸入国からも資源財の輸出が行われうる。この境界の価格比率に技術の比率が影響するようになる。このとき、貿易パターンの決定要因には漁獲技術だけでなく非資源財の効率労働単位に換算した労働賦存量が影響することが、リカード型を踏襲したTakarada et al. (2013)モデルを基に一部消費者における選好の異質性を入れた場合に明らかになった。これは、リカード型と新貿易理論等の折衷的な側面であり、貿易パターンの予測に大きな影響がある。これを踏まえて更に貿易や管理などの影響を取りあげる。

16:00-16:20 コーヒーブレイク

第3報告 16:20-17:30

講演者
川端 康 氏(名古屋市立大学)
題目
Optimal Export Policy towards Natural Resources in Vertically Related Markets
要旨
TBA

第45回定例研究会 “Workshop on Economics of Global Interactions: New Perspectives on Trade, Development and the Environment”, at Vancouver School of Economics, University of British Columbia (Hosted by Brian Copeland (UBC), Minoru Nakada (Nagoya University and UBC), Yasuhiro Takarada (Nanzan University and UBC), jointed by NIESG)

10:00 Opening Address: Brian Copeland (University of British Columbia)

10:05-10:50 Keynote Speech

Chair
Kenji Kondo (Chukyo University)
Speaker
Werner Antweiler (University of British Columbia)
Title
Cross-Border Trade in Electricity

10:50-11:10 Coffee Break

11:20-12:10 Session 1

Chair
Summit Galati (University of British Columbia)
1st Speaker
Alastair Fraser (University of British Columbia)
Title
Freight Costs and Carbon Emissions
2nd Speaker
Kenzo Abe (Osaka University) andYoshitaka Kawagoshi (Kyoto Sangyo University)
Title
Trade and Environmental Policies with Domestic and International Transportation

12:10-13:20 Lunch

13:20-14:20 Session 2

Chair
Carol McAusland (University of British Columbia)
1st Speaker
David Albouy (University of Illinois & NBER), Walter Graf (University of California, Berkeley), Ryan Kellogg (University of Michigan & NBER), andHendrik Wolff (University of Washington)
Title
Climate Amenities, Climate Change, and American Quality of Life
2nd Speaker
Akihiko Yanase (Nagoya University)and Gang Li (Hitotsubashi University)
Title
Trade, Resource Use and Pollution: A Synthesis

14:20-14:40 Coffee Break

14:40-15:40 Session 3

Chair
Toshihiro Ichida (Waseda University)
1st Speaker
Takumi Naito (Waseda University)
Title
An Asymmetric Melitz Model of Trade and Growth
2nd Speaker
Tomohiro Ara (Fukushima University)and Taiji Furusawa (Hitotsubashi University)
Title
Relationship Specificity, Market Thickness and International Trade

15:40-16:00 Coffee Break

14:40-15:40 Session 4

Chair
Kiyoshi Matsubara (Nihon University)
1st Speaker
Tadashi Ito (Gakushuin University),Toshiyuki Matsuura (Keio University)and Chih-Hai Yang (National Central University and IDE-JETRO)
Title
Stability of Complementarity between Japanese FDI and Import of Intermediate Goods: Agglomeration Effects and Parent-Firm Heterogeneity
2nd Speaker
Hiroshi Mukunoki (Gakushuin University)
Title
Preferential Trade Agreements and Antidumping Actions against Members and Nonmembers

17:00 Closing Address: Kenzo Abe (Osaka University)

19:00- Dinner at Provence Marinaside

第44回定例研究会 2016年3月4日(土) 中京大学

第1報告 13:00-14:10

講演者
吉見 太洋 氏(南山大学)
題目
Gravity with Multiple Tariff Schemes (joint with Kazunobu Hayakawa)
要旨
In this paper, we contribute to the literature on gravity analysis by explicitly incorporating both most favored nation (MFN) rates and regional trade agreement (RTA) rates. Our gravity equation takes into consideration the fact that all exporters do not necessarily utilize RTA schemes when exporting even to RTA partners. We applytariff line level data on the world-wide trade to this gravity equation. As a result, we find the significantly negative coefficient for the ratio of RTA rates to MFN rates. Specifically, the introduction of duty0free RTA rates (i.e., the reduction of the ratio from one to zero) increases trade values by 18-30%, depending on specifications, Using our estimates, furthermore, we conduct the simple simulation on the effect of the subsequent reduction of RTA rates on trade.

第2報告 14:10-15:20

講演者
都丸 善央 氏(中京大学)
題目
The Theory of Partial Privatization
要旨
TBA

15:20-15:40 コーヒーブレイク

第3報告 15:40-16:50

講演者
早川 和伸 氏(IDE-JETRO)
題目
Firm-Level Utilization Rates of Regional Trade Agreements: Perspective from Importers (joint with Nuttawut Laksanapanyakul and Taiyo Yoshimi)
要旨
While the previous theoretical studies have examined exporter’s choice of tariff schemes under keeping settings for importers as simple as possible, the empirical analysis on regional trade agreement (RTA) utilization is in general possible by employing import data. In order to better link the empirical analysis with the theoretical model, this paper constructs the model that sheds light on the role of not only exporters’ characteristics but also importers’ characteristics in RTA utilization. As a result we derive some propositions on RTA utilization rates (i.e., the share of imports under RTA schemes in total imports) at both an import firm-product-level and a product-level. Finally, we found that these theoretical predictions are supported by the highly-derailed import data in Thailand from Australia from 2007 to 2009.

第4報告 16:50-18:00

講演者
東田 啓作 氏(関西学院大学)
題目
Division of Responsibility for Environmental Degradation Caused by International Transportation and Policy Intervention by Trading Countries
要旨
TBA

第43回定例研究会 “ERIA-NIESG International Trade Workshop”, Organized by Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) and NIESG, 2015.12.7 at Meeting Room, ERIA

Opening Session 10:00-11:00

Chair
Kazunobu Hayakawa (IDE-JETRO)
Opening Remarks
Dionisius A. Narjoko (ERIA) and Akihiko Yanase (Nagoya University)
Keynote Speech
Fukunari Kimura (Chief Economist, ERIA)
title
Comprehensive Asia Development Plan 2.0

Morning Session 11:10-11:55

Chair
Toshihiro Ichida (Waseda University)
Speaker
Taiyo Yoshimi (Nanzan University)
title
Gravity with Preferences

12:00-13:30 Lunch

Afternoon Session 1 13:30-15:00

Chair
Hitoshi Sato (IDE-JETRO)
1st Speaker
Dionisius A. Narjoko (ERIA)
title
Wage Skill Premium in Indonesian Manufacturing
2nd Speaker
Akihiko Yanase (Nagoya University)
title
Domestic Product Standards and Free Trade Agreements

15:00-15:15 Coffee Break

Afternoon Session 2 15:15-16:45

Chair
Takamune Fuji (Takasaki City University of Economics)
1st Speaker
Lurong Chen (ERIA)
title
Estimating the Potential of Regional Market in ASEAN and East Asia
2nd Speaker
Kazunobu Hayakawa (IDE-JETRO)
title
Impact of Import Delay on Export Patterns

Closing Session 16:45-17:00

Chair
Kazunobu Hayakawa (IDE-JETRO)
Closing Remarks
Fukunari Kimura (ERIA)

第42回定例研究会 2015年7月11日(土) 北海道大学

第1報告 13:30-14:40

講演者
吉見 太洋 氏(南山大学)
題目
Benefits of Home Currency Invoicing (joint with Kazunobu Hayakawa & Nuttawut Laksanapanyakul)
要旨
We present a model of endogenous choice of import frequency and invoice currency to infer the benefits of home currency invoicing. In the model, those benefits are represented by fixed costs of exchange rate risk management paid by importers when they work with foreign currency invoicing. Using a very detailed dataset on Thai imports, we show that those benefits of average Thai importer range between 7.3% (1,500 USD) of one-time shipment value in our most conservative specification and 17.1% (3,600 USD). Those benefits become larger when the share of the export country currency in daily global foreign exchange market turnover is lower, or the export country is on of the partners of Thailand's regional trade agreements. Further, we find that frequency of shipments is higher and the value per shipment is smaller for transactions priced in buyers’ currency than those not priced in it. Our model provides a rationale for these empirical findings.

第2報告 14:40-15:50

講演者
山森 哲雄 氏(高崎経済大学)
題目
Voice Undermines Voluntary Cooperation: An Experimental Study for an Incomplete Employment Contract
要旨
To examine impacts of a pre-play communication in principal-agent relationships between workers and firms with hidden action, we conducted laboratory experiments on gift exchange games with and without a “voice” option. In the one with a “voice” option, the worker must state a payoff-irrelevant request for his/her wage before the firm decides his/her wage offer. Comparing experimental results with and without the option, we find that the pre-play communication of such the option undermines reciprocity of the workers regardless of the wage levels offered by the firms. The deterioration results in shrinking economic surplus in their principal-agent contracts.

15:50-16:10 コーヒーブレイク

第3報告 16:10-17:20

講演者
太田代(唐澤) 幸雄 氏(南山大学)
題目
Fertility, Mortality, and International Trade Pattern within a Heckscher-Ohlin Framework
要旨
This paper examines a two-country dynamic general equilibrium model with endogenous fertility and mortality. We show that the introduction of endogenous demographic change brings about new properties in long-run dynamics. After an analysis of the existence, uniqueness, and local stability of the long-run equilibrium, we examine each country’s long-run trade pattern and gains from trade in the long-run.

第4報告 16:20-18:30

講演者
市田 敏啓 氏(早稲田大学)
題目
Imitation versus Innovation Costs: Patent Policies under Common Patent Length
要旨
This paper investigates the interaction between innovation and imitation costs for heterogenous ideas (industries). Int analyzes the effect of various patent-related policies under the common patent length across different industries. It also looks at a policy that will strengthen trade secrets such as the Soleau envelope policy. Under the common term of patent with moderate assumption about the joint distribution of costs, the model predicts the existence of imitating products which are successfully invented around the original patent.

第41回定例研究会 2015年3月6日(金) 中京大学名古屋キャンパス

特別講演 13:00-13:50

講演者
Conglai Fan 氏(Professor of Business School and Vice-President of Nanjing University)
題目
Monetary Policy in China
要旨
TBA

13:50-14:00 コーヒーブレイク

第1報告 14:00-14:50

講演者
松原 聖 氏(日本大学)
題目
Determinations of International-Conference Venues: From Data of Japanese Cities
要旨
This paper attempts to investigate which of 14 major Japanese cities attracted more international conferences than others from 1998 to 2013 and why they did it. From data of international conferences held in Japan during this period, two interesting observations are arisen. First, although metropolitan Tokyo attracted more international conferences than any other cities for all sample years, there are large variations among other cities; in some cities the number of international conferences increased rapidly, while those stagnated in some other cities. Second, impacts of the Great East Japan Earthquake seem to be different among cities; cities in western Japan got positive effects, but not all eastern Japanese cites were affected negatively. Some primitive estimates show a positive effect of economy size measured by city population and a negative effect of yen-dollar exchange rate on the numbers of international conferences held in Japan. The second estimated result seems to contradict with a recent observation of increasing foreigners visiting Japan due to weaker yen.
.

第2報告 14:50-15:40

講演者
濱田 弘潤 氏(新潟大学)
題目
Privatization Neutrality Theorem When a Public Firm has Different Objectives than Welfare Maximization
要旨
This paper investigates the privatization neutrality theorem when a public firm has different objectives than welfare maximization. The privatization neutrality theorem claims that social welfare is exactly the same before and after privatization when the government gives the optimal subsidy to both public and private firms. In contrast to the existing literature that assumed the uniform subsidy to public and private firms and claimed that this theorem does not hold, we demonstrate that if the discriminatory subsidy rates are adopted between public and private firms, the privatization neutrality theorem recovers in many cases. Especially, we present the paradoxical result that when the subsidy policy itself causes the distortion on income distribution, the privatization neutrality theorem always holds, while the situation in which the theorem holds is limited without such a distortion. Our result insists that the government can maximize the social welfare by appropriatelyimplementing a discriminatory subsidy policy even if there is the distortion that the subsidy policy causes on the distribution.
.

15:40-16:00 コーヒーブレイク

第3報告 16:00-16:50

講演者
佐橋 義直 氏(大阪府立大学)
題目
A Shortest Route around the Diamond Paradox
要旨
This paper considers a random-matching economy in which utility from consuming one unit of indivisible good and disutility from producing it depend on the length of time that has elapsed after the preceding consumption and preceding production respectively. It also assumes that sellers post prices without knowing buyers’ private characteristics. Then, a parametric example of stationary equilibrium is provided which exhibits equilibrium price dispersion explicitly.

第4報告 16:50-17:40

講演者
東田 啓作 氏(関西学院大学)
題目
Liner Shipping Alliance and Antitrust Immunity
要旨
This paper examines i) the effects of alliances on load capacity and shipping charges, ii) whether excess capacity arises, in particular, in the presence of uncertainty on demand for marine transportation, and iii) governments’ decision making on antitrust immunity. Using a simple three-country two-duopoly-market model, we find that alliances may increase load capacity and, accordingly, decreases shipping charges. We also find that load capacity is insufficient at market equilibrium in terms of global welfare when there is no uncertainty, while the load capacity of more efficient shipping liners may be excessive when there is uncertainty. Moreover, we demonstrate that the government of a country in which there is a more efficient shipping liner prefers pro-competitive policies.

第40回定例研究会 2014年12月20日(土) 松山大学文京キャンパス

第1報告 14:00-15:10

講演者
濱田 弘潤 氏(新潟大学)
題目
Privatization Neutrality Theorem in Mixed Oligopoly with Firm Asymmetry
要旨
TBA

15:10-15:25 コーヒーブレイク

第2報告 15:25-16:35

講演者
久永 忠 氏(北海道大学)
題目
Comparative Advantage Structure Dynamics and International Service Transactions
要旨
International service transactions have gradually increased since the middle of 1980s. This paper sets an objective to describe the features of the international service trade in the growth phase with the static comparison of indices revealed comparative advantage and their dynamics.

16:35-16:50 コーヒーブレイク

第3報告 15:50-18:00

講演者
須賀 宣仁 氏(北海道大学)
題目
Industrial Location and North-South Trade in Vertically-Linked Industries
要旨
This paper develops a model of North-South trade with a continuum of vertically linked industries and analyzes the impact of falling trade costs in upstream sectors on industrial location and welfare. All industries are initially located in the high-wage country (North) due to input-output linkages, but when trade costs fall below a critical value, the production of all final goods moves to the low-wage country (South) together with that of intermediate goods in a certain spectrum of upstream sectors. Remarkably, a further decline in trade costs causes some of the upstream sectors to get their production back to the North. In the welfare analysis, we show that falling trade costs improve world welfare but do not always benefit all individuals (skilled and unskilled workers) in each country. This asymmetric effect of falling trade costs on individuals’ welfare yields a possibility of national welfare losses, especially in the North.

第39回定例研究会 2014年7月19日(土) 徳島大学常三島キャンパス

第1報告 13:00-13:50

講演者
都丸 善央氏(中京大学)
題目
Foreign Penetration, Privatization and Welfare (with Leonard F.S. Wang)
要旨
TBA

第2報告 13:50-14:40

講演者
内藤 徹 氏(徳島大学)
題目
Urban Unemployment, Privatization Policy, and a Differentiated Mixed Oligopoly
要旨
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the effect of privatization of public firm on urban unemployment in a differentiated mixed oligopoly. This model is extended by combining Harris and Todaro model with a differentiated mixed oligopoly. We introduce the quasi-linear utility function with a quadratic sub-utility to derive the solution of model analytically. As the results of our analysis, the urban unemployment depends on the privatization level of public firm and the progress of privatization of public firm worsen it when the intensity of preferences for differentiated products is large relatively. As for social welfare, we show that the privatization of public firm improves social welfare under certain conditions.

14:40-15:00 コーヒーブレイク

第3報告 15:00-15:50

講演者
市田 敏啓 氏(早稲田大学)
題目
Job Switching, Cumulative Income Tax, and Pareto Gains from Trade
要旨
This paper explains why Pareto gains from trade is difficult to come by in the real world by utilizing a multi-dimentional skill model. Trade liberalization affects not only welfare of those who stay in their jobs, but also induces some people to switch their jobs. The welfare change for those job switchers is mixed since their abilities in job before and after are likely to differ. Because policy makers usually cannot observe hidden ability of each individual, they must utilize history of all the income of each individual. When cost to collect such information is high, I argue that Pareto gains from trade cannot be achieved without overcompensation.

第4報告 15:50-16:40

講演者
津布久 将史 氏(名古屋大学大学院)
題目
Globalization and Cooperation in Trade Policy
要旨
This paper analyze a relationship between trade costs and tariff policy, and explores the effects of globalization on tariff determined by governments. Traditional trade theory has augured the situation where trade policy setting by governments for national welfare induce higher tariff than cooperative trade policy. This result is caused by externality on exports of foreign country and also observed in this paper. We construct simple two country model with trade costs and show that globalization in terms of decreasing trade costs induces non cooperative governments to employ the trade policy preventing international trade. In contrast, under the cooperative trade policy setting, the governments tend to agree to remove trade barriers and implement the policy to generating international trade with the progress of globalization.

16:40-17:00 コーヒーブレイク

第5報告 17:00-17:50

講演者
東田 啓作 氏(関西学院大学)
題目
Inventing Around, Trade in Differentiated Products, and Optimal Patent Breadth
要旨
TBA

第38回定例研究会 2014年3月18日(火) 広島修道大学

第1報告 13:30-14:30

講演者
須賀 宣仁氏(北海道大学)
題目
Trade Patterns and the Gains from Trade in a Chamberlinian-Ricardian Model
要旨
This paper investigates trade patterns and the gains from trade in a Chamberlinian-Ricardian model with a CES type of upper-tier utility function. It is shown that a strong tendency toward complete specialization emerges under free trade and that free trade is preferable to autarky from the viewpoint of each country’s welfare. This paper also considers the trade regime called semi-autarky, in which one sector is under free trade, while the other is closed. The analysis demonstrates that free trade does not necessarily attain higher welfare in all countries relative to semi-autarky if cross-sector substitution in consumption is elastic.

第2報告 14:30-15:30

講演者
増田 淳矢 氏(中京大学)
題目
各国の景気の関連性の計測方法とその応用について
要旨
近年、世界経済が結びつきを強め、各国の経済現象がその国だけでなく多くの国に影響を強く及ぼすようになったと言われている。本研究ではそのようなある国の事象が各国に及ぼす影響を計測する手法について考察する。特にこの研究では各国のマクロ変数間の相関をダイナミックパネルの手法を用いて計測して、近年の世界経済に於いてその影響が強くなっているか検証を行う。

15:30-15:50 コーヒーブレイク

第3報告 15:50-16:50

講演者
倉田 洋 氏(東北学院大学)
題目
Free Entry and Social Inefficiency under Successive Oligopoly
要旨
We examine economic efficiency in free entry under successive oligopoly. We focus on the situation where first upstream and downstream firms determine whether to enter the market, then the upstream firms choose their outputs, and finally the downstream firms choose their outputs. We show that firms can insufficiently enter in the upstream and downstream markets if the demand function is strictly convex. We also demonstrate that firms insufficiently enter in the downstream markets irrespective of the curvature of demand function if the number of upstream firms is one.

16:50-17:00 コーヒーブレイク

第4報告 17:00-18:00

講演者
伊藤 匡 氏(日本貿易振興機構アジア経済研究所)
題目
Value Added Fragmentation in Factory Asia: 1985-2005 (with Pierre-Louis Vezina)
要旨
TBA

第37回定例研究会 2013年12月16日(月)-17日(火) at Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, Canada

Day 1: 16th December

13:00-14:00 Keynote Speech
Stephen Easton (Simon Fraser University)
Sports Economics
14:00-14:15
Coffee Break
14:15-14:55
Hiroshi Kurata (Tohoku Gakuin University)
Free Trade Areas, Consumption Externalities, and Environmental Standards (with Akihiko Yanase)
14:55-15:35
Toshiyuki Matsuura (Keio University)
Heterogenous Impact of Trade Liberalization on Vertical FDI: Evidence from Japanese Firm-level Data
15:35-15:50
Coffee Break
15:50-16:30
Toshiyuki Matsuura (Nagoya University)
Long-run Production Possibility Frontier and International Trade in a Synthesized Brander-Taylor-Copeland-Taylor Model (with Gang Li)
16:30-17:10
Masako Ikefuji (Southern Denmark University)
Optimal Emission Tax with Endogenous Location Choice of Duopolistic Firms (with Jun-ichi Itaya and Makoto Okamura)

Day 2: 17th December

09:30-10:10
Tetsuro Mizoguchi (Reitaku University)
Bribery and Efficiency Wage
10:10-10:50
Taiyo Yoshimi (Nanzan University & Columbia University)
Lending Rate Spread Shock and Monetary Policy Arrangements: A Small Open Economy Model for ASEAN Countries
10:50-11:10
Coffee Break
11:10-11:50
Takamune Fujii (Takasaki City University of Economics)
Trade and Fishery Resources Exploitation: An Empirical Analysis on Global Fisheries (with Yasuhiro Takarada)
11:50-12:30
Kozo Kiyota (Keio University)
Disemployment by Foreign Direct Investment? Multinationals and Japanese Employment (with Ryo Kambayashi)

第36回定例研究会 立命館大学BKC社系研究機構研究所重点プログラム「上河泰男先生メモリアルセミナー:現代国際貿易論の新展開」(NIESG共催) 2013年11月9日(土) キャンパスプラザ京都

13:00-13:05 Opening Remark

13:05-13:55
中野沙弥香(兵庫県立大学)
The Discovery of BSE-Infected Cows and Import Restrictions in Japan
14:00-14:50
下野恵子(大阪大学)
EPA看護師・社会福祉士の受入れ政策と女性の活用
14:50-15:10
Coffee Break
15:10-16:00
須賀宣仁(北海道大学)
Trade Patterns and Gains from Trade in a Chamberlinian-Ricardian Model
16:05-16:55
内藤巧(早稲田大学)
An Eaton-Kortum Model of Trade and Growth
16:55-17:10
Coffee Break
17:10-17:50
太田博史(神戸大学)
上河泰男先生メモリアル


第35回定例研究会 NIESG-IDE/JETRO Joint Workshop "East Asian Economic Integration: New Perspectives on Trade, Investment, and Development” 2013年11月4日(月)-5日(火) IDE-JETRO Bangkok Research Center (Venue: Grande Centre Point Hotel Rathcadamri, Bangkok)

4 November 2013
9:15 Registration
9:30 Opening Remarks

  • Yasuhiro Takarada (Nanzan University) & Kazunobu Hayakawa (IDE-JETRO)

1st Session: 9:45-12:15 Chair: Akihiko Yanase (Nagoya University)

9:45-10:30
Taiyo Yoshimi (Nanzan University)
Globalization and Union Bargaining Power: Welfare Implications
10:30-10:45
Coffee Break
10:45-11:30
Toshihiro Ichida (Waseda University)
Job Switching, Cumulative Income Tax, and Pareto Gains from Trade
11:30-12:15
Yasushi Kawabata (Nagoya City University)
Endogenous Formation of Free Trade Agreements in Vertically Related Markets

Lunch: 12:30-13:30
2nd Session: 13:30-16:45 Chair: Yasuhiro Takarada (Nanzan University)

13:30-14:15
Yasuyuki Sugiyama (Fukui Prefectural University)
Environmental Goods and Measures for Their Promotion: An Analysis Using a Fair Wage Model
14:15-15:00
Hisamitsu Saito (Kyushu University)
Foreign Multinationals, Selection of Local Firms and Regional Productivity in Indonesia
15:00-15:15
Coffee Break
15:15-16:00
Takeshi Ogawa (Hiroshima Shudo University)
Three-Good Ricardian Model with Joint Production: A Schematic Reconsideration
16:00-16:45
Yukio Otashiro (Nanzan University)
Endogenous Time Preference, Consumption Externalities, and Trade: Multiple Steady States and Indeterminancy

5 November 2013
3rd Session: 10:00-12:45 Chair: Takamune Fujii (Takasaki City University of Economics)

10:00-10:45
Ken Itakura (Nagoya City University)
Incorporating Firm Heterogeneity into the GTAP Model
10:45-11:30
Kazunobu Hayalawa (IDE-JETRO)
How Do Free Trade Agreements Change Import Prices? Firm-Level Evidence from China's Imports from ASEAN
10:45-12:45
Lunch


第34回定例研究会 2013年5月25日(土)東北大学大学院国際文化研究科

第1報告 14:30-15:20

講演者
篠崎 剛 氏(東北学院大学)
題目
Public Debt, Lobbying and Endogenous Redistribution in an Overlapping-Generations Model
要旨
This paper investigates the redistributive impact of fiscal reconstruction across generations, in an overlapping generations model with short-lived governments. The incumbent stays in power only for one period, during which it enacts policies caring about the welfare of its voters in that period. They are one ‘young’ individual, who does not consume but invests for future consumption and contributes to public revenue, and one ‘old’, who just consumes. We further allow the young to engage in lobbying by offering campaign contributions to the incumbent to affect the tax rate chosen by the latter. The dynamic analysis applies the Markov perfect equilibrium concept. Results highlight that a short lived government may choose an inefficiently high debt and low tax rate, in a steady state. However, debt may also dynamically tend to diverge from the efficient level. Surprisingly, public debt may be lower than the efficient level in case of lobbying by the young, when the incumbent has a bias for redistribution. In this case, as public debt accumulates, the government increases tax. If the government assigns a high weight to redistribution, the young may concede to a tax increase trading it off for higher transfers in next period.

第2報告 15:20-16:10

講演者
寳多 康弘 氏(南山大学)
題目
Technological Change and International Interaction in Environmental Policies (with Yuichi Furukawa)
要旨
This paper considers the impact of differences in endogenous technological change between two countries on global pollution emissions under international strategic interaction in environmental policies. First, we demonstrate that an environmentally lagging country’s technology may continue to advance through a learning-by-doing effect until it exceeds the environmental friendliness of a leading country that initially had the cleanest technology (i.e., environmental leapfrogging could occur). Whether a country eventually becomes an environmentally leading country depends on the country size and its awareness of environmental quality. Second, we find that global emissions fluctuate despite the fact that environmental technology advances in both countries. Global emissions eventually become constant because both countries cease to tighten environmental regulations when their technologies are sufficiently clean. The final emissions might be larger than emissions in early stages of adjustment under dirty technologies. If environmental leapfrogging frequently occurs, both countries possess similarly clean technologies, thereby reducing long-term global pollution.

16:10-16:30 コーヒーブレイク 20分

第3報告 16:30-17:20

講演者
都丸 善央 氏(中京大学)
題目
An Endogenous Objective Function of a Partially Privatized Firm: A Nash Bargaining Approach
要旨
TBA

17:20-17:30 コーヒーブレイク 10分

第4報告 17:30-18:20

講演者
松原 聖 氏(日本大学)
題目
Trading Company and Indirect Exports
要旨
This article develops an oligopoly model of trade intermediation. In the model, two manufacturing firms that want to export their products cannot do so by themselves at the beginning. They have two choices: (1) paying a fixed cost to be able to conduct direct exports, or (2) paying a commission fee to a trading company to use its trade intermediation. After choosing their ways of exports, they compete in quantity in the foreign market. This article shows the following. (i) A cutoff value of commission fee exists. If the commission fee is lower than the cutoff, a manufacturing firm chooses indirect exports and it chooses direct exports otherwise. (ii) This cutoff increases as a manufacturing firm’s (constant) marginal cost rises. The second result is similar with the previous literature in which the market of trade intermediation is perfectly competitive, but the case when the both manufacturing firms choose indirect exports, which is likely in the model, is not.

第33回定例研究会 2013年3月8日(金) 中京大学

第1報告 13:30-14:30

講演者
小川 健 氏(広島修道大学)
題目
International Transport and the Environment: Environmental Regulations and International Emissions Trading
要旨
TBA

第2報告 14:30-15:30:

講演者
都丸 善央 氏(中京大学)
題目
Optimal Privatization and Subsidization Policy in Mixed Oligopoly: A Synthesis(joint with Leonard F. S. Wang)
要旨
This paper studies relationships between subsidization and privatization in mixed oligopoly. Existing works have already tackled this issue. Some of them have proposed privatization neutrality theorem --- the same subsidy rate achieve the first-best allocation regardless of the degree of privatization. Taking into account an efficiency gap between private and semi-public firms which is influenced by degree of privatization, we show that (i) privatization neutrality theorem is collapsed under such asymmetry and (ii) optimal privatization degree can be either insufficient or excessive compared to the degree under which efficiency gap is minimized.

コーヒーブレイク 20分

第3報告 15:50-16:50

講演者
柳瀬 明彦 氏(東北大学)
題目
Free Trade Areas and Choice of Standards
要旨
This study considers endogenous determination of standards on products that cause negative consumption externalities in the presence of a possible free trade area (FTA) in a three-country world, and examines how an FTA affects the optimal levels of (external) tariffs and standards chosen by each country and national welfare. We demonstrate that under an FTA, member countries’ standards become more stringent than under a tariff-war equilibrium based on the most-favored nation (MFN) clause. Member countries’ welfare may or may not be higher under the FTA than under the MFN equilibrium, whereas the nonmember country unambiguously becomes better off after the FTA formation. We also compare two regimes, cooperative and noncooperative solutions, regarding the choice of standards by the FTA members and show that in comparison with the noncooperative solution, cooperation on standards will lead the member countries to choose less stringent standards and make the formation of the FTA more favorable.

コーヒーブレイク 10分

第4報告 17:00-18:00:

講演者
Nicola D. Coniglio (University of Bari “Aldo Moro”)
題目
Diaspora Investments and Firm Export Performance in Selected Sub-Saharan African Countries(joint with A. Boly, F. Prota and A. Seric)
要旨
Skilled migrants can create enormous benefits for their countries-of-origin as shown by the relevant contributions that the large, prosperous and well organized Chinese and Indian diasporas have made to their home countries. An increasingly popular way diasporans can contribute to development is by investing their capital in existing businesses and setting up new ventures in their countries-of-origin. Given the peculiarity of diaspora investments and their role as potential channel for industrial development, this paper analyses whether these growingly important investors differ from domestic firms and foreign investors in terms of export behaviour. Our results indicate that the presence of diaspora investors and entrepreneurs in the country-of-origin’s economy may contribute to the internationalization of domestic economy and therefore play a role in helping their homelands develop.

第32回定例研究会 2012年12月1日(土) 新潟大学

第1部 座長 柳瀬 明彦 氏(東北大学大学院国際文化研究科)

第1報告 13:00-14:10

講演者
藤井 孝宗氏(高崎経済大学経済学部)
題目
Trade and Fishery Resources: An Empirical Analysis on Global Fisheries
要旨
TBA

第2報告 14:10-15:20:

講演者
伊藤 匡 氏(アジア経済研究所)
題目
TBA
要旨
TBA

コーヒーブレイク 20分

第2部 座長 近藤 健児 氏(中京大学経済学部)

第3報告 15:40-16:50

講演者
都丸 善央 氏(中京大学経済学部)
題目
Trade and Transportation in a Ricardian World(柿元純男氏(中京大学経済学部)との共著)
要旨
TBA

コーヒーブレイク 10分
第4報告 17:00-18:10:

講演者
大川 昌幸 氏(立命館大学経済学部)
題目
Partner Choice and Technology Transfer in International Joint Ventures under Ownership Share Regulation
要旨
A multinational firm chooses a partner of a joint venture (JV) and decides the amount of technology to transfer to JV under the ownership share regulation of the host government. We study the optimal JV policy of the government and show that consumers gain while the rival firm of JV loses. Thus the formation of JV cannot be Pareto-improving. The relation between profit of JV partner and ownership share is precisely examined. As national welfare of the host country increases, all local agents can be better off by the suitable policy combination of the host government.

第31回定例研究会 2012年6月16日 釧路公立大学

第1部 座長 近藤 健児 氏(中京大学経済学部)

第1報告 13:00-14:10

講演者
水田 浩之氏(釧路公立大学経済学部)
題目
Lowered Beachhead Cost
要旨
In a model with fixed costs heterogeneity ala Kikuchi (1996), however, with Hopenhayn mechanism plugged into it like Meritz (2003), gains from trade and the effects of decreasing fixed trade costs on each firms are examined. Furthermore, I show variety curves as in Kukichi, under this paper's setting. Contrasting with Kikuchi, however, I couldn't obtain the rising variety supply curve, but only a flat one. Lowering fixed trade costs increase the share of firms who approve of opening trade, which implies that it might make the appeal of an interest group of firms to the government stronger, making it easy for it to have the government open the economy against the trade with foreign countries.

第2報告 14:10-15:20:

講演者
濱田 弘潤 氏(新潟大学経済学部)
題目
Habit Formation and the Transfer Paradox in an Overlapping Generations Model(篠崎剛氏(東北学院大学経済学部)・柳原光芳氏(名古屋大学大学院経済学研究科)との共著)
要旨
This paper examines the transfer problem between two countries when either a donor or a recipient has habit formation in a one-sector overlapping generations model. As is well-known, in taking a model with habit formation into consideration, we need to check whether the dynamic stability conditions are satisfied with regard to the capital and the previous consumption that affects the current consumption as a habit formation. We elucidate that when either a donor or a recipient has habit formation, any additional conditions are not required in order to satisfy the dynamic stability conditions. This is in a stark contrast with the result that when both a donor and a recipient have habit formation, an additional condition to satisfy the dynamic stability conditions is required. We demonstrate that when a donor country with habit formation has higher savings compared to a recipient country, a strong transfer paradox, in which the donor country is enriched and the recipient country is immiserized, is possible to occur in the situation wherein any transfer paradox does not occur without habit formation. Moreover, we show that a weak transfer paradox in which both countries are immiserized is possible to occur. These findings suggest that the high degree of habit formation for the donor can explain the motivation to voluntarily give a transfer.

コーヒーブレイク 20分

第2部 座長 柳瀬 明彦 氏(東北大学大学院国際文化研究科) 

第3報告 15:40-16:50

講演者
吉見 太洋 氏(南山大学経済学部)
題目
A Small Open Economy Model for ASEAN Countries: Spread Shocks and Exchange Rate Arrangements
要旨
We investigate the welfare implications of monetary arrangements in ASEAN countries with a small open economy model, considering the effects of interest rate spread shocks. We find that a country benefits from adopting a fixed exchange rate regime when the bond rate spread shock brings about macroeconomic volatility. Further, we examine ASEAN countries and find that, in our baseline investigation, prevailing choices of exchange rate arrangements in ASEAN countries are consistent with our welfare criterion. We also find that higher trade openness and lower persistence of the domestic productivity shock improve the advantage of the fixed exchange rate arrangements.

コーヒーブレイク 10分
第4報告 17:10-18:10:

講演者
川端 康 氏(名古屋私立大学大学院経済学研究科)
題目
Regional Agreements on Standards: Multilateralism versus Regionalism (with Yasuhiro Takarada)
要旨
The purpose of this paper is to consider the effects of regional and multilateral agreements on standards in a three-country model of trade. We show that multilateral agreement on standards makes member countries better off relative to regional agreement. However, it may make an excluded country worse off relative to regional agreement. Therefore, regional agreement hampers the incentive of the excluded country to support multilateral agreement.